Southern Brown Bandicoot

Southern Brown Bandicoot
Isoodon obesulus obesulus
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Peramelemorphia
Sub Class: Marsupiala
Family: Peramelidae
Australia: Endangered EPBC Act listed
Victoria: Endangered (DELWP 2021)
Victoria FFG: listed (no Action Statement)
Southern Brown Bandicoot

Southern Brown Bandicoot. Image: Annette Rypalski, Mt Rothwell Biodiversity Interpretation Centre, Lara.

The Southern Brown Bandicoot Isoodon obesulus obesulus is one of six species of bandicoots which have either current or historic records in Victoria.


  • Pig-footed Bandicoot Chaeropus ecaudatus, extinct in Victoria and the rest of Australia.
  • Short-nosed Bandicoot Isoodon sp. (c.f.auratus), extinct in Victoria.
  • Western Barred Bandicoot Perameles bougainville fasciata, extinct in Victoria and mainland Australia.
  • Eastern Barred Bandicoot Perameles gunnii, extinct in the wild in Victoria.
  • Southern Brown Bandicoot Isoodon obesulus, near threatened in Victoria.
  • Long-nosed Bandicoot Perameles nasuta, not threatened in Victoria.



All known records of Southern Brown Bandicoot in Victoria. Source: VBA 2016.


In Victoria, the Southern Brown Bandicoot occurs south of the Great Diving Range, mainly at lower altitudes and generally within 50 km of the coastline, exceptions being the Greater Grampians bioregion and the Glenelg Plain bioregion.

Local Government Areas containing Southern Brown Bandicoot records.

(Number of records) Source: ALA 2016.

  • Glenelg Shire (315)
  • East Gippsland Shire (220)
  • Cardinia  Shire (186)
  • Sur Coast Shire (106)
  • Southern Grampians Shire (51)
  • Casey City (43)
  • Northern Grampians Shire (36)
  • Moyne Shire (30)
  • Frankston City (29)
  • Corangamite Shire (16)
  • Mornington Peninsula Shire (16)
  • Ararat Rural City (14)
  • Monash City (12)
  • Yarra Ranges Shire (10)
  • Colac Otway Shire (7)
  • West Wimmera Shire (7)
  • Baw Baw Shire (6)
  • Knox City (6)
  • South Gippsland Shire (5)
  • Bass Coast Shire (3)
  • Greater Geelong City (2)
  • Banyule City (1)
  • Bayside City (1)
  • Darebin City (1)

Southern Brown Bandicoot. Image: Annette Rypalski, Mt Rothwell Biodiversity Interpretation Centre, Lara.

Ecology & Habitat

Habitat comprises scrubby heathlands and woodlands often associated with well drained soils.

There are strong associations between habitat quality and fire events for this species with favourable characteristics being a mosaic of small scale burnt areas undergoing different stages of post fire renewal. Less favourable circumstances are long periods (20 years) without fire or on the other hand large scale fires which reduce habitat age class diversity or too frequent burning which does not allow enough time for habitat and ecological processes to develop.


Introduced predators such as Foxes and Feral Cats pose a significant threat to this species. There are instances where the Southern Brown Bandicoot as well as other species of bandicoot can thrive when they are protected from predators when behind predator proof fencing, e,g., Eastern Barred Bandicoot at Hamilton Community Parklands and  Woodlands Historic Park,  Southern Brown Bandicoot  and Eastern Barred Bandicoot at Mt Rothwell near Lara. In unprotected situation in the wild it is very important to have predator control programs in place.

Clearing of  habitat either completely destroys populations or forces bandicoots into other fragmented areas of habitat making them more susceptible to predation.

Conservation & Management

The conservation status of Southern Brown Bandicoot was re-assessed from Near Threatened in 2013 (DSE 2013) to Endangered in 2021 Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act Threatened List Victoria (DELWP 2021). 

Southern Brown Bandicoot project - St Helens Reserve, Yambuk

A community Landcare project involving improved management of the 32 ha reserve managed by Parks Victoria.

St Helens Reserve with monitoring sites managed by the Basalt to Bay  Landcare Network.

The community is involved with revegetation of adjoining roadsides and private land in proximity to the reserve in order to create wildlife corridors to other small reserves. Predator control of foxes and cats to protect the bandicoots. Remote camera monitoring of the bandicoots and other wildlife are carried out on a regular basis. Prior to re-discovery in 2012 the last Southern Brown Bandicoot was seen in 2003.

Damp Sands Herb Rich Woodland at St Helens Reserve.


Southern Brown Bandicoot image taken by remote camera at St Helens Reserve. Source: Basalt to Bay  Landcare Network.


This project helps to ensure future survival of the Southern Brown Bandicoot  at this small reserve.


Southern Brown Bandicoot in the wild on a farm adjoining the St Helens Reserve. 

Read how an award winning wool grower in south west Victoria is achieving high quality wool whilst protecting Southern Brown Bandicoots.

In: Beyond the Bale, Issue 67 June 2016 page 22.  A publication by the Australian Wool Innovation Ltd. & The Woolmark Company.

Contact:  Basalt to Bay  Landcare Network – Lisette Mill 04 08 712 713

See also: Basalt to Bay biolink


Glenelg Ark

Glenelg Ark started in 2005. It is a partnership between Parks Victoria and the Department of Environment, Land, Water & Planning

Glenelg Ark includes a monitoring program in three baited and three non-baited areas in the Lower Glenelg National Park, Cobboboonee National Park, Annya State Forest, Mount Clay State Forest and Hotspur State Forest. It is the largest fox control project on public land in South West Victoria, operating across 90,000 hectares. 

Southern Brown Bandicoot image taken with remote camera as part of the Glenelg Ark project monitoring.


Glenelg Ark 2005–2013: Evidence of the Benefits for Native Mammals of Sustained Fox Control (Robley et al. 2014)


Southern Brown Bandicoot & Long-nosed Potoroo Surveys in Wimmera & Greater Grampians

This project commenced in 2010 with the aim of obtaining information on presence of these species and direct this information into fire operation planning.

Following development of Remote camera survey protocols in the Grampians in 2010, surveys were conducted at:

  • Deep Lead Nature Conservation Reserve from July - August 2010
  • Grampians State Forest in November - December 2010
  • Beear State Forest in December 2010 - January 2011
  • Black Range Scenic Reserve in March 2011.
  • Black Ranges region, private land June 2011

In June 2011, Twenty Scout Guard cameras were used over a 21 day period at 54 sites and covering approximately 1000 ha. No Southern Brown Bandicoots or Long-nosed Potoroos were detected in the camera surveys. 

Live trapping was also conducted during March 2011 on the eastern fringe of the Grampians National Park adjoining private land (within the Pomonal area).Three Southern Brown Bandicoots were detected on private land on the eastern fringes of the Grampians National Park.

In 2011/12 large scale surveys targeting the Southern Brown Bandicoot and Long-nosed Potoroo were conducted across public and private land on the eastern and western fringes the Grampians National Park. Surveys included the Black Range near Stawell. These surveys complete previous surveys on private properties to determine if any Southern Brown Bandicoots remain in the Black Range. 

Most of the project sites in 2011 were in proposed burn areas which have suitable habitat for the Southern Brown Bandicoot and Long-nosed Potoroo.


Outside of the Grampians National Park, Southern Brown Bandicoots are present on private land in the eastern fringes of the park. The Southern Brown Bandicoot and Long-nosed Potoroo are yet to be detected on Crown Land east and west of the Grampians National Park.


The Southern Brown Bandicoot and Long-nosed Potoroo surveys are being conducted through biodiversity staff at the Department of Environment, Land, Water & Planning, Horsham. For surveys near Stawell there are close ties with Project Platypus which is an initiative of Upper Wimmera Landcare. In conjunction with the Black Range Landcare group, the profile of the Southern Brown Bandicoot received a boost through a project in 2006/07 which highlighted the plight of the threatened Southern Brown Bandicoot. The Black Range Bandicoot Recovery team launched a Bandicoot Education Kit, planted trees to enhance corridors, undertook bandicoot surveys and implemented a fox and feral cat control program and has put together a Recovery Plan for the area.

Project Platypus also incorporates the Bandicoot Highway project which aims to create a wildlife corridor from the Black Range to Jallukar Forest  with the eventual aim of linking the Grampians N.P. to the Black Range which will enable bandicoots to move between these areas.

Parks Victoria are also involved where surveys are conducted within areas under their jurisdiction.

The Southern Brown Bandicoot and Long-nosed Potoroo surveys are also supported by the Wimmera Catchment Management Authority and the Commonwealth Caring for Country program.


Southern Brown Bandicoot video taken with remote camera in the Fyans Creek area, east of the Grampians, Victoria. This footage taken in February 2018 confirms an exciting new find of this species on private land near the Grampians. Courtesy Clive Carlyle. More images Google photos. 


Southern Brown Bandicoot Recovery Program - Western Port Biosphere

This project commenced in 2003 and is focused on securing the population of Southern Brown Bandicoots at remnant habitat in the Koo Wee Rup area.

Key activities include;

  • Extend and improve bandicoot habitat and reserves by reconnecting the landscape.
  • Implement effective control and monitoring of pest predators.
  • Accurately survey known habitat and collect habitat and environmental information relevant to community ecology and condition.
  • Control (or at least reduce) threats from road mortality.
  • Further clarify the taxonomy and genetic status of populations to enable an accurate conservation status assessment of the taxon.
  • Improve the control of companion animals, particularly dogs and cats.
  • Analyse and compare population census data with management histories.
  • Assess the need for, and feasibility of, a captive breeding population.
  • Engage a community education facilitator.
  • Heighten public awareness of the recovery program, including encouraging the public to report bandicoot sightings.
  • More details: Western Port Biosphere web site
Southern Brown Bandicoots at Mt Rothwell

Southern Brown Bandicoot. Note how small and vulnerable these native marsupials are to predators such as feral cats and foxes.

Southern Brown Bandicoots are protected behind predator proof fencing at the 420 ha private property Mt Rothwell Biodiversity Interpretation Centre near Lara.  As well as providing a predator free area for the bandicoots efforts have been directed to reducing competition from the introduced European rabbit. During 2014 to 2016 it is estimated that approx. 15,000 rabbits have been removed from the area thus increasing the quality of grassy cover in the reserve and providing more habitat for the Southern Brown Bandicoot population.

Southern Brown Bandicoot with pouch young at Mt Rothwell. Lactation lasts about 60 days (Menkhorst 1995).  Image provided by Mt Rothwell Biodiversity Interpretation Centre.


References & Links

ALA (2016) Atlas of Living Australia. Accessed 10 June 2016.

The Australian Museum Complete Book of Australian Mammals, Ed. Ronald Strahan, (Southern Brown Bandicoot, R.W. Braithwaite), Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1983.

Menkhorst, P.W. & Seebeck, J.H  (1995) In: Mammals of Victoria, Distribution, ecology and conservation, Ed. Peter Menkhorst, (Southern Brown Bandicoot,  Oxford University Press, 1995.

DELWP (2021) Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 - Threatened List - June 2021, Department of Environment Land Water and Planning, Victoria. 

DELWP (2020) Provisional re-assessments of taxa as part of the Conservation Status Assessment Project – Victoria 2020, Department of Environment Land Water and Planning, Victoria. Conservation Status Assessment Project – Victoria

Department of Sustainability & Environment (2013) Advisory List of Threatened Vertebrate Fauna in Victoria – 2013. Department of Sustainability & Environment, East Melbourne, Victoria (now Department of Environment, Land, Water & Planing).

VBA (2016) Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, Department of Environment, Land, Water & Planing, Victoria.


Please contribute information regarding Southern Brown Bandicoot in Victoria - observations, images or projects.  Contact SWIFFT

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